Thursday, October 19, 2017

SU Archives Celebrates American Archives Month

A Collection Highlight!

American Archives Month

          Each October Lehman Library Celebrates American Archives Month. American Archives Month was established in 2006 to bring more recognition, appreciation, and overall understanding for what archives house and why they are important. This year, Lehman Library’s Special Collections is honoring American Archives Month by highlighting the McCune Collection.

McCune Collection

          The documents in this collection tell a story of the trials and successes that board members faced during the organization of the Shippensburg Normal School (Shippensburg University) in the late 19th century.  The materials show how different challenges were met and what worked and what did not.  The biggest challenge was the financial trouble that surrounded the school during its infancy.  There are debt collection letters, unpaid bill receipts, and correspondence between board members that express the dire situation and possible solutions.  The collection also tells the story of technological advancements and cultural dynamics during the late 19th century.  Below are just a few examples from this invaluable collection.

Above is a list of people who were paid for services to the school during the month of October 1874.  Below is a receipt for payment to a gentleman for “7 ½ days work at Normal School” for a total of $9.37. Most of these receipts were written on torn scraps of paper now discolored from all the years gone by. Employees ranged from skilled and unskilled labor, and were white, black, male and female.  Mary Gross and Arabella Taylor, listed above, were both black women.  Mary was unable to read or write and a widowed mother of several children. Arabella is listed as a black woman but also as a Mulatto from Virginia. She had been the housekeeper of a
Chambersburg physician.

The document above shows the tuition charged to one female student in 1890.  It also shows the state aid she received and her graduation fee. The document below shows a total of $70 was paid by a student for both tuition and room and board. Students paid additional fees to use the gymnasium.  They also paid more for special art and music lessons.

The 1894 documents below are from a few creditors of the Shippensburg Normal School asking to be paid for services already rendered.  It was not just businesses who went unpaid, but students were not given timely refunds and faculty also found their salaries in arrears at times.

The last document is an early letter dated 1870 from John McCune, Esquire, who also became one of the first members of the school’s Board of Trustees.  Mr. McCune discussed the reactions of some on how the project (school) would be funded.  He discussed the possible use of scholarships rather than shares.  Eventually, creators used a stock-holder based system to finance the creation of the school that continued to be a major funding source for some time.

Contact SU’s Archives and Special Collections
Lehman Library’s Archives and Special Collections is located on the upper level of Ezra Lehman Memorial Library, in room 207. We are open by appointment only. Please email or call 717-477-1123 (x3357) to schedule an appointment, or for more information.

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Welcome back from Fall Break!

Image by Kaleidobooks
Welcome back from Fall Break!

Hope you had some good times, relaxation, and at least a few good laughs...

In case you've forgotten, all our books are made from 100% Groot-free paper!

Library Hours are back to our regular hours:

Sunday Noon-Midnight
Monday 7:30am - Midnight
Tuesday 7:30am - Midnight
Wednesday 7:30am - Midnight
Thursday 7:30am - Midnight
Friday 7:30am - 6pm
Saturday 9am - 5pm

Thursday, October 12, 2017

#TBT in the Archives 10/12/17: Chapel services

School Chapel Services

Before email and campus alert systems, how did faculty and staff share important information with the entire student body? Sometimes, the easiest way to share information is through a meeting. Early Shippensburg students were required to go to chapel services daily, then later weekly, in order to both participate in religious activities, and hear updates and announcements.

In addition, students at Shippensburg until the 1930s did not have the flexibility to choose whether or not to attend church, let alone practice a non-Christian faith, and were required to attend weekly religious services in addition to the daily chapel services, or face academic troubles.

This page from the 1889-1890 Cumberland Valley State Normal School catalog says students were required to attend a church of their choice weekly in Shippensburg.

Students in the late 1880s were required to attend church services in Shippensburg weekly, unless they were excused by the principal. Additionally, Sunday school was organized each week, and prayer meetings were held each Wednesday night. Those activities were voluntary, but students were  required in the 1890s to attend chapel services each morning at 8:45 a.m.

By 1897, the Y.M.C.A. and the Y.W.C.A were on campus and met weekly to discuss topics of interest to Christians and hold Bible studies.

In 1916-1917, the student handbook published a list of Shippensburg churches. The practice continued for decades.

Through the early 1930s, chapel attendance and weekly church attendance continued to be required of students. Failure to attend could hurt one's academic standing as faculty kept track of attendance.

Mr. Buckalow was issued a warning in 1913 when he failed to attend church regularly.

Chapel meetings were used for communication, but also involved faith-based activities. In 1927, daily meetings were abolished and instead, attendance was expected Tuesdays and Thursdays. Additionally, the time became later in the morning each year.

The school issued schedules each semester with chapel activities to expect:

The fall 1931 chapel schedule.

The spring 1942 chapel schedule
The fall 1945 chapel schedule. By this time, meetings were held weekly.

By the 1933-34 academic year, the school abolished the requirement to attend church services in Shippensburg each week though it was still strongly suggested. As the school's identity as a state institution deepened in the early decades of the 20th century, the school moved farther away from requiring religious practice.

However, as late as 1960, the student catalog continued to urge attendance at weekly services in Shippensburg. In addition to publishing a list of churches in the student handbook, a number of campus religious groups were listed accommodating students of a variety of Christian traditions.

Today Shippensburg University experiences a vibrant faith community with beliefs and non-beliefs of all kinds represented across the student body, in formal campus ministry activities, and student-run clubs and organizations. Students in 2017 are fortunate their participation does not affect their academic standing!

Catalogs, 1889-1890, 1897-1898, 1927-1928, 1933-1934,1934-1935, 1960-1961. Shippensburg, PA: Cumberland Valley Normal School and Shippensburg State Teachers College.
Class files, 1913, 1931, 1942 and 1946. Shippensburg University Archives & Special Collections, Shippensburg, PA.
Student handbook, 1916-1917, 1960-1961 Shippensburg, PA: Cumberland Valley State Normal School, 1916.

Tuesday, October 10, 2017

2017 Fall Break Library Hours - Oct 13 to Oct 17

Fall break is upon us!
During fall break, the library will be open at the following times:

Friday, October 13, 7:30am - 4:00 pm
Saturday, October 14, 12:00pm - 5:00pm
Sunday, October 15, 12:00pm - 5:00pm
Monday, October 16, 7:30am - 4:00 pm

Tuesday, October 17: Regular Fall Semester Hours Resume 

Librarians will not be available to answer reference questions in person over fall break. If you need research assistance, please email us! Have a great break!

Thursday, October 5, 2017

#TBT in the Archives 10/5/17: Battle of the Sexes

In the early 1970s, many movements for social change launched in the late 1960s continued. From racial equality to feminism, people across the country were determined to make changes for the better. Shippensburg State College was no exception, and students regularly participated in rallies, petition drives, and demonstrations to share their opinions with state representatives, school officials, and each other.

An event during the fall semester of 1973 was one of these demonstrations. Unlike the others, it was unplanned, and in the end, it took a decidedly fun tone.

Female tennis superstar Billie Jean King took on male player Bobby Riggs in a tennis match billed "The Battle of the Sexes" on September, 20, 1973. Prior to the match, Riggs relied on his role as a male tennis player to overhype his ability to best any woman on the tennis court, no matter her record. King easily beat him in a three-match victory that was not only a sports win, but a victory for many American women.

The September 25, 1973 Slate reported on the aftermath of the Battle of the Sexes tennis match in Shippensburg.

According to the September 25, 1973 Slate, King's victory was announced in Naugle Hall (the women's dorm). The women then called to the men's dorm, Mowrey Hall, and asked a similar announcement be made. After they were refused, 12 women walked to Mowery Hall singing "I Am Woman," where they were greeted by the male residents with firecrackers and buckets of water thrown out windows.

After the women retreated, they were followed by firecracker-wielding men who attempted to capture a large sign hanging from the third floor of Naugle Hall which said "We Love You, Billie Jean." During the uproar, women threw buckets of water out the windows and blasted "I Am Woman" from speakers. At one point, the women called reinforcements from McLean Hall as the men continued to work to capture the sign. The clash dispersed after the Dean of Men got involved.

Photos of the Battle of the Sexes "clash" at Shippensburg State College published in the September 25th Slate.

The clash ended up being an episode of campus revelry, but for Shippensburg women, King's victory over Riggs boosted spirits.

Team photos and records for 1973-74 as published in the Cumberland in 1974.

Tennis at Shippensburg was generally boosted in the wake of the King-Riggs matches. Men's and women's tennis were both competitive at the state level during the 1973-1974 school year, though neither team had a fabulous record.

The Slate, Shippensburg, PA, September 25, 1973.
Cumberland 1974, Shippensburg, PA.

Friday, September 29, 2017

10 Most Farfetched Reasons to Ban a Book

The American Library Association Office of Intellectual Freedom has composed a list of the ten most far-fetched (silliest, irrational, illogical) reasons to ban a book.  They are:

  1. “Encourages children to break dishes so they won’t have to dry them.” (A Light in the Attic, by Shel Silverstien)
  2. “It caused a wave of rapes.” (Arabian Nights, or Thousand and One Nights, anonymous)
  3. “If there is a possibility that something might be controversial, then why not eliminate it?” (Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, by Dee Brown)
  4. “Tarzan was ‘living in sin’ with Jane.” (Tarzan, by Edgar Rice Burroughs)
  5. “It is a real ‘downer.’” (Diary of Anne Frank, by Anne Frank)
  6. “The basket carried by Little Red Riding Hood contained a bottle of wine, which condones the use of alcohol.” (Little Red Riding Hood, by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm K. Grimm)
  7. “One bunny is white and the other is black and this ‘brainwashes’ readers into accepting miscegenation.” (The Rabbit’s Wedding, by Garth Williams)
  8. “It is a religious book and public funds should not be used to purchase religious books.” ( Evangelical Commentary on the Bible, by Walter A. Elwell, ed.)
  9. “A female dog is called a bitch.” (My Friend Flicka, by Mary O’Hara)
  10. “An unofficial version of the story of Noah’s Ark will confuse children.” (Many Waters, by Madeleine C. L’Engle)

Thursday, September 28, 2017

#TBT in the Archives 9/28/17: World War I

In April 1916 after it became clear a policy of non-intervention was no longer possible, the United States declared war against Germany, entering what was then known as the Great War. Men and women across the nation mobilized in support of the nation's war effort, and the Cumberland Valley State Normal School was no exception.

Most young men entering the armed services were conscripted, though certainly a large number enlisted by choice. In October 1917, Principal Ezra Lehman reported 25 to 30 male students had been conscripted since the last school year. Additionally, several women had been pulled out of school by their local school districts to begin teaching before finishing their own studies - a move made necessary by the conscription of male teachers. Other women had not returned to school because of the need to make money for their families after the departure of men.

Additionally, football prospects for the 1917-1918 season looked dim because of a lack of players.

Not all was bad, according to the Normal School Herald. The student body readily embraced war work, patriotism, and rationing.

This article in the January 1918 Normal School Herald details the patriotism on display at weekly meetings of the Philo Literary Society.

This article from 1917-1918 reports the food rationing taking place at C.V.S.N.S. during World War II.

Students in sewing class eagerly completed items for men at the front.

By fall of 1918, the school had settled into the rhythm of the war, and regularly published lists of men serving in all branches of the armed service. In the October 1918 issue, four full pages contained the names of men in service.

Some of the men who served in the Great War.

The school was also beginning to experience the effects of the Spanish influenza epidemic that ravaged the world in 1918-1919. And, it soon became clear Shippensburg alumni and students were among those killed in the war: Frank Carbaugh, '17; Arthur D. Noll, '17; Charles D. Kell, '16; and Harry Taylor.

A poem written by alum Frank Carbaugh while convalescing in a military hospital in France. He died in August 1918.

The Class of 1917 donated a bronze tablet in honor of the Shippensburg men lost during World War I. Initially the plaque was placed in the Old Main Chapel. In 2017, it is in the lobby of Memorial Auditorium.

When the war ended on November 11, 1918, the campus (newly reopened after being closed for a few weeks for the flu) held a parade to celebrate, complete with class marches and musical selections. For the time being, there was peace.

Cumberland 1919. Shippensburg, PA.
The Normal School Herald, October 1917-July 1919. Shippensburg, PA